By Yunquan Liu

This quantity provides the newest developments and destiny views of atomic, molecular and optical (AMO) physics and its very important position in smooth sciences and applied sciences. The chapters are dedicated to quite a lot of quantum structures, with an emphasis at the figuring out of ionization, high-harmonic new release, molecular orbital imaging and coherent keep watch over phenomena originating from light-matter interactions. The booklet overviews present examine panorama and spotlight significant medical developments in AMO physics interfacing with interdisciplinary sciences. it can be fairly fascinating for younger researchers engaged on setting up their medical pursuits and goals.

Readership: This e-book is most fitted for the energetic scientists and graduates in strong-field neighborhood and in addition for different scientists who paintings with the ultrafast lasers in biology and chemistry.

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5(a) for the rescattered photoelectrons. The tunneling phase lies in the interval (0◦ , 90◦ ) corresponding to the falling edge of the laser pulse. Three regions can be separated depending on the magnitude and direction of the final photoelectron momentum. For region I in Fig. 5(a), the electron with the final momentum pz < −F0 /ω corresponds to the electron final energy larger than 2U p , and thus they will not interfere with the non-scattering electron wave packet. For those electrons, they are released slightly later than the field maximum and are backward scattered off the nucleus.

The left and right panels of each plot correspond to the photoelectron rescattered by the parent ions or the neighboring ions, respectively. u. Adapted from Ref. [23]. difference between the rescattering time of the rescattering trajectory and the birth time of the non-rescattering trajectory [23]. As shown in Fig. 6, because the time differences between the long rescattered trajectory and the indirect trajectory and between the short rescattered trajectory and the direct trajectory are considerably large, the fringe spacing for these two interferences is small and their interference patterns look quite similar.

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