By Stuart Gray

"At its center, politics is all approximately family members of rule. consequently one of many significant preoccupations of political concept is what it capability for humans to rule over each other or proportion in a means of ruling. whereas political theorists are likely to regard rule as an important evil, this publication goals to provide an explanation for how rule don't need to be understood as anathema to political existence. quite, via a number of the earliest Read more...

summary: "At its middle, politics is all approximately family members of rule. as a result one of many principal preoccupations of political conception is what it capability for people to rule over each other or proportion in a technique of ruling. whereas political theorists are inclined to regard rule as an important evil, this publication goals to provide an explanation for how rule don't need to be understood as anathema to political existence. relatively, by means of the various earliest traditions of political idea we will reconsider rule in ways in which evoke stewardship instead of domination. grey argues that hierarchical rules approximately rule coevolved with political divisions among the human and non-human in western concept. The earliest discernible Greek inspiration complex an instrumental courting among people and their surroundings, a place that has endured into our present age. whereas this turns out a defensible place, this publication issues out that such instrumental understandings of the nonhuman global have got us into critical hassle, together with difficulties of deforestation, international warming, emerging sea degrees, species loss, and height oil. To reconsider the idea that of rule, the ebook turns to early Indian political inspiration that means that rule is a dating predicated on stewardship. The e-book compares those traditions of inspiration to be able to recommend that we have got a normative responsibility to the surroundings, and hence to behave in a manner that takes the pursuits of non-human nature under consideration. Basing his argument on his personal unique translations of fundamental resources in historic Greek and Sanskrit, the writer indicates whilst and the way early suggestions of rule advanced to justify divisions among the human and nonhuman. In doing so, he argues for a reconsideration of our tasks towards the nonhuman wildlife"

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Extra info for A defense of rule : origins of political thought in Greece and India

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As an ongoing process exhibiting that one is worthy to rule and give commands to others, distinction entails both recognition from and subordination of others. Commanding comes afterwards, and ruling should not be conflated with the mere giving of commands because a central aspect of rule follows from the distinction process itself (namely the garnering of honor, glory, and reputation), which peers and subordinates see as a sign that someone is worthy of their political obedience. This pursuit of distinction also enhances a ruler’s esteem to such an extent that he often loses sight of his connectedness to the broader community and its interests, often resulting in hubristic behavior and a strongly individualistic understanding of rule.

Further clarification in Greek and Sanskrit terminology is the task of subsequent chapters. To conclude, I have attempted to reopen and begin rethinking the meaning of rule by outlining what I take to be some of the most important theoretical, methodological, historical, and cultural stakes of a comparative engagement between ancient Greek and Indian political thought. The next step in this book’s argument begins with a careful examination of Homeric political thought. Importantly, the Iliad and Odyssey supply the first sustained (oral, textual) accounts of the meaning of rule in ancient Greece.

21 1 HOMER Ruling as Distinction Political theorists have generally neglected Homeric political thought, at least partly due to ambivalence concerning the topic of rule and its hierarchical associations. Such aversions lead to significant oversights in our understanding of early Greek political thought, especially as it pertains to the connectedness of rule. , Raaflaub 2004, 30‒36; Robb 1994, 159‒82). The Homeric epics, in particular, provide a wealth of evidence depicting rulers’ thoughts and actions as embedded within a broader, complex cosmology and metaphysics.

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