By Patricia Ann Clark

N 1930 the Cretan healer, Nikolaos Konstantinos Theodorakis of Meronas, re-copied a workstation containing clinical lore handed down via his family members over generations. the current quantity bargains an version of this computer including an English translation, the 1st of its variety. It belongs to the style of iatrosophia, sensible handbooks courting quite often to the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries which compiled therapeutic knowledge, in addition to snippets of agricultural, meteorological and veterinary recommendation, and admixtures of faith, astrology and magic. either attention-grabbing and of serious value, iatrosophia enable glimpses of classical and Byzantine clinical resources and illustrate the energy and resilience of Greek conventional scientific and botanical wisdom.

From years spent exploring neighborhood therapeutic customs in Crete's Amari sector, Patricia Clark is ready to current Theodorakis' iatrosophion opposed to a wealthy historic, geographical and social historical past. Introductory essays and explanatory notes to the interpretation provide context to the iatrosophion and supply the really expert details valuable for an outstanding knowing of the textual content. The considerable materia medica of the computing device is taken care of in a considerable appendix. each one animal, mineral, plant or product is supplied with an summary of its quite a few names during the millennia. Such entries aren't just a key to realizing the Greek scientific legacy, but additionally a vibrant representation of its utilization from antiquity to the current day.

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Extra resources for A Cretan Healer's Handbook in the Byzantine Tradition: Text, Translation and Commentary

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27 28 Essential Oils The possible ‘reservoir’ property of the top layers of the stratum corneum could be significant in some topical essential oil treatments. For example, a topical antifungal application of essential oils such as tea tree may benefit from the addition of oils such as sandalwood or vetivert, which may act like the ‘fixatives’ in perfumery, and allow the active principles to remain in contact with the skin cells for longer periods. Tisserand and Balacs (1995) certainly hold the view that the skin is an efficient way of introducing essential oils into the body, because essential oils components are largely lipophilic (they will dissolve in fatty substances), and of small molecular weight, and so they can pass through the skin and enter the body.

These chemosensory stimuli were judged to be of low intensity, and in fact only around half of the participants even recognised the presence of an odour. Those who did sense the presence of an odour did not distinguish between the anxiety and the sport ‘control’ samples. However, it was found that the anxiety sweat samples activated the brain areas that are involved in the processing of social anxiety signals (where the decoding of emotions evoked by facial and body signals occurs), including the insula activations – which also happens during odour perception.

Beyond the nose, the turbinate bones form passages, known as the ‘nasal conchae’, which cause turbulence in the inhaled air and vapours. Odour molecules then reach the olfactory organ by diffusion. The olfactory organ is around the size of two postage stamps located at the top of the nose, just below the level of the eyes. It consists of thin olfactory membranes, covered in millions of olfactory hairs, which are the receptors; they arise in groups from the olfactory nerve fibres. These fibres are connected with neurones in the olfactory bulb, which in turn extends back to form the olfactory nerve.

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